Mount Vesuvius is most famous for its landmark eruption in the year 79 AD, which buried the cities of Pompei and Herculaneum in layers of burning ash. The only account of the eruption that survives is from Pliny the Younger. From his dramatic account, scientists believe the cloud of ash he witnessed descend upon Pompeii was 20 miles high. The city of Pompei was completely buried. It was rediscovered in 1748, more than 1600 years after the eruption.
The people of Pompeii were found buried under 12 layers of soil. Many of the buildings were amazingly well-preserved, as were the bodies of those who were just going about their daily routines when the eruption occurred. The ruins at Pompeii have provided archaeologists with valuable information about how people in the Roman Empire lived. Today, Pompeii is one of the most visited sites in Italy.
Location Mt Vesuvius : Mount Vesuvius is located close to the city of Naples Italy. It overlooks the Bay and City of Naples and sits in the crater of the ancient Somma volcano. The mountain lies in Vesuvius National Park or Parco Nazionale del Vesuvio, which is centered around the volcano.
Location Pompeii : Pompeii historical site is situated southeast of Mt Vesuvius.
Train Station : You can take a taxi to Vesuvio Natl Park from Circumvesuviana train station in Ercolano.
The nearest train station for Pompeii is Pompei Scavi, located on the Circumvesuviana Napoli-Sorrento line.